Why should TTUC delegates attend your speaking session and what is the top learning take-away?
My session provides a demonstration that audience response systems are not just a tool to deliver a lively teaching environment, but a powerful device that enables both teachers and students to evaluate their performance, giving them feedback in real time as the session unravels. My session will not be just about pedagogical practice, but also pedagogical research. We will demonstrate how data generated from using audience response systems can be analysed to test and validate pedagogical approaches.
How are you measuring student learning in the classroom?
I embrace a peer-instruction approach, where the same question is asked twice, before and after students exchange reflections and ideas on the problem considered. The difference in the proportion of correct responses defines a measure of learning gain generated by peer-instruction. At the same time, I also ask students to self-assess their performance and state their confidence in their skills. Once again, measuring the difference in the proportion of confident responses before and after peer-instruction, I am also able to identify a measure of confidence gain and study its interaction with learning gain.
How can lecturers use TurningPoint to help students self-assess their performance, and build confidence in their own academic work?
Students should be led to reflect on their own ability and skills by asking them to self-assess their competence levels. Lecturers should not just facilitate the transmission and application of knowledge. They should also educate students to develop their awareness of what they know, because this is the only way to help them becoming more autonomous learners. This goal can only be achieved through practice.
TurningPoint supports my aim of leading students to continuously reflect on their understanding of what they are learning, in real-time. Students also it find helpful to be able to see the general level of understanding and confidence in the class. In this way, they can identify their own position with respect to their peers and revise their learning strategies accordingly.
How does the use of Turning Technologies’ Response Cards generate an active learning environment in the classroom?
The use of response cards allows the teacher to assign tasks to students and delegate the control of the learning experience directly to students. Students no longer receive knowledge; they generate knowledge by interacting with each other and with the teacher. Designing an active learning environment implies that the teacher relinquishes control. Response cards facilitate this process by empowering students with a voice. Yet, students are still in a safe space, because their responses can be held anonymously.
How can the data emerging from active learning sessions be analysed?
I use regression analysis to identify patterns of correlation between attainment questions and confidence beliefs. In more sophisticated studies, and with the aid of a sound ethical framework, student demographics can be matched to their responses to generate full-blown learning analytics. From these we can identify gender effects, the impact of educational background, and identify effective teaching interventions for specific groups of students. Data can also be used to select students into groups for qualitative focus-groups or interviews, supporting a mixed-methods approach in pedagogical research.
What do you think is the most important e-learning trend for the next 12 months?
e-learning is not a new phenomenon. However, the more e-learning platforms will can adapt to the specific needs of students, the stronger their effectiveness will be, and we’ll see higher diffusion. Students want a personalised learning experience. E-learning platforms that are flexible and adaptable to different learning needs will certainly be the most successful.
The Turning Technologies User Conference takes place on 7thNovember 2018 at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Casa Convalescència, Spain. View the full agenda here.